Secondary Trauma

Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS) is a common and natural response to empathic engagement with traumatized populations. As such, human services professionals are at high risk for reactions which often mirror those of direct trauma exposure. The resources on this page are dedicated to understanding who is at risk, and sharing strategies for prevention and intervention at an individual and organizational level.

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  • Organizational Prevention of Vicarious Trauma

    This article provides ways for organizations to proactively address vicarious trauma and the implications of vicarious trauma on the organization.

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  • Resilience Questionnaire

    A questionnaire to assess resilience factors.

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  • Secondary Trauma Guidance for Supervisors and Administrators

    This article explains the importance of addressing secondary traumatic stress in an organization and provides strategies to mitigate effects on staff.

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  • Secondary Traumatic Stress Action Plan

    An action plan for staff to build resilience from secondary traumatic stress in an organization.

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  • Secondary traumatic stress core competencies in trauma-informed supervision

    A developmental assessment for supervisors which identifies core competencies for providing support to staff exposed to secondary trauma, and provides resources to strengthen those areas of competency.

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  • Secondary Traumatic Stress Fact Sheet

    This fact sheet explains how individuals experience secondary traumatic stress, tips for recognizing it, and how organizations can design strategies of prevention and intervention.

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  • Secondary Traumatic Stress Self-report

    This is a self-reflection survey tool for staff to address their levels of organizational and secondary traumatic stress within their agency.

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  • Secondary Traumatic Stress Strategies

    This resource identifies symptoms of secondary traumatic stress (STS) and provides strategies for staff mitigate the effects of STS.

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